Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in numerous cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. Once again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible but the majority of are irreparable. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the further development is of vital significance. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis often responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be because of harmful effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, various others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in here this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy.